Palustrine wetlands are a type of wetland that is characterized by the presence of standing water or saturated soil. They are typically found in low-lying areas that are flooded seasonally or intermittently, and can be found in a range of climates and landscapes. Palustrine wetlands can be further classified based on the types of vegetation that are present, the depth and duration of the water, and the presence of flowing water.
Palustrine wetlands are different from other types of wetlands in several ways. For example:
- Palustrine wetlands are typically found inland, while other types of wetlands, such as estuarine and marine wetlands, are found near the coast.
- Palustrine wetlands are often characterized by the presence of standing water, while other types of wetlands, such as riparian wetlands, may not have standing water.
- Palustrine wetlands may support a different mix of plant and animal species compared to other types of wetlands, depending on the local climate and conditions.
There are a number of scientific descriptions of wetland types that can provide further information on the characteristics and differences between different types of wetlands. Some examples of relevant scientific sources include:
- Scott, D. A., and T. A. Jones. “Classification and inventory of wetlands: A global overview.” Vegetatio 118.1-2 (1995): 3-16.
- Semeniuk, V., and C. A. Semeniuk. “A geomorphic approach to global classification for natural inland wetlands and rationalization of the system used by the Ramsar Convention–a discussion.” Wetlands Ecology and Management 5 (1997): 145-158.
- Hawai’i Wetland Field Guide, Terrell A. Erickson, and Christopher F. Puttock, (2006) ISBN 1573062685
These sources provide detailed descriptions of different wetland types, including palustrine wetlands, and can be useful resources for understanding the characteristics and differences between different types of wetlands.